Secure Your Spring Boot Application with SSL - Step-by-Step Guide



In this blog post, we'll explore how to secure a Spring Boot application by enabling SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) encryption. SSL ensures secure communication between clients and your application by encrypting the data transmitted over the network. We'll guide you through the process of setting up SSL in a java spring boot application step by step.

SSL Secure Communication

Step 1: Generate SSL Certificate

To enable SSL, we need an SSL certificate. We can generate a self-signed certificate using the Java keytool. Open a terminal or command prompt and execute the following command:
[user]$ keytool -genkeypair -alias application -keyalg RSA -keysize 4096 -storetype PKCS12 -keystore application.p12 -validity 3650
This command generates a self-signed certificate named "application.p12" and sets its validity to 3650 days (about 10 years). You'll be prompted to enter some additional information like your company name, name and address details.

I will be using same certificate to convert it into PEM based crt and key file and use it another configuration for PEM. if you are okay with configuring the just one previous certificate ignore this part.
openssl pkcs12 -in application.p12 -nokeys -out client.crt 
openssl pkcs12 -in application.p12 -nocerts -nodes -out client.key 

Step 2: Create a Spring Boot Application

Let's create a new Spring Boot application using the spring initializr. Go to spring starter and generate a new project with the following options:
- Project: gradle
- Language: Java
- Spring Boot: 3.1
- Group: com.wranto
- Artifact: spring-ssl-bundle
- Dependencies: Web

Sample gradle file:
plugins {
    id 'java'
    id 'org.springframework.boot' version '3.1.0'
    id 'io.spring.dependency-management' version '1.1.0'

group = 'com.wranto'
version = '0.0.1-SNAPSHOT'

java {
    sourceCompatibility = '17'

configurations {
    compileOnly {
        extendsFrom annotationProcessor

repositories {

dependencies {
    implementation 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web'
    compileOnly 'org.projectlombok:lombok'
    annotationProcessor 'org.projectlombok:lombok'
    testImplementation 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-test'

tasks.named('test') {
Once the project is generated, import it into your favourite IDE.

Project Structure

Step 3: Configure SSL in Spring Boot

I will be using latest feature of SSL bundle added in Spring Boot 3.1 and If you are using Spring Boot version below Spring-Boot 3.1 then you can use following configuration.

Open the file and add the following configuration:

With Spring Boot 3.1 you can configure SSL Bundle properties and can configure different certificate to one or more connections for e.g RestTemplate, Embedded server

Configuring SSL Bundles:

You can use below properties to configure SSL Bundle.

Spring.ssl.bundle.jks - can be used to configure bundles using Java keystore files.
Spring.ssl.bundle.pem - can be used to configure bundles using PEM-encoded text files

You can configure more than one bundle for these types with user-provided name. Using the same name we can configure different ssl configuration for different components.
We will configure JKS based certificate for the Spring boot embedded server and will configure another pem certificate for RestClient.

# Another ssl

You can use pem for clientside and pkcs for server also.

Step 4: Create a Controller

Create a new class named `ResourceController` in the com.wranto.springsslbundle package with the following content:
package com.wranto.springsslbundle.controller;

import com.wranto.springsslbundle.service.ResourceService;
import lombok.RequiredArgsConstructor;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

public class ResourceController {

	private final ResourceService resourceService;
	public String getRestResource() {
		return "Spring Boot SSL";
	public String remoteRestCall(){
		return resourceService.someRemoteRestCall();

Step 5: Create a Service

The below service will be calling a free api. It will be using the ssl certificate, but in real world scenario you can configure certificate provided by some ssl certificate provider. 
package com.wranto.springsslbundle.service;

import org.springframework.boot.ssl.SslBundles;
import org.springframework.boot.web.client.RestTemplateBuilder;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate;

public class ResourceService {

	private final RestTemplate restTemplate;

	public ResourceService(RestTemplateBuilder restTemplateBuilder, SslBundles sslBundles){
		this.restTemplate = restTemplateBuilder.setSslBundle(sslBundles.getBundle("client")).build();
	public String someRemoteRestCall() {
		return this.restTemplate.getForObject("", String.class);

Step 6: Test the Application

Run the Spring Boot application, and you should see the following log message:

Tomcat started on port(s): 8443 (https) with context path ''

Now, open your browser and navigate to `https://localhost:8443/hello`. If everything is set up correctly, you should see the message "Spring Boot SSL!" displayed in your browser.

As its self signed-certificate chrome is going to show warning for you. But you can replace the certificate with some ssl provider certificate.

SSL Output


In this blog post, we learned how to secure a Spring Boot application with SSL. We generated a self-signed SSL certificate, configured SSL in our Spring Boot application, and created a simple controller to test the secure communication. SSL ensures that the data transmitted between the client and server is encrypted and secure.

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